Catalyst and Process Engineering (ING)

Manager : FARRUSSENG David
Deputy Manager : SCHUURMAN Yves

Engineering and process intensification

1 Rational Design of MOF for Catalysis
MOF-Supported Selective Ethylene Dimerization Single-Site Catalysts through One-Pot Postsynthetic Modification.
The one-pot postfunctionalization allows anchoring a molecular nickel complex into a mesoporous metal–organic framework (Ni@(Fe)MIL-101). It is generating a very active and reusable catalyst for the liquid-phase ethylene dimerization to selectively form 1-butene. Higher selectivity for 1-butene is found using the Ni@(Fe)MIL-101 catalyst than reported for molecular nickel diimino complexes.
J. Amer. Chem. Soc., 2013, 135 (11), 4195-4198

DOI: 10.1021/ja312120x
The Origin of the Activity of Amine-Functionalized Metal-Organic Frameworks in the Catalytic Synthesis of Cyclic Carbonates from Epoxide and CO2
MOF MIL-68(In)-NH2 was used to catalyze the synthesis of styrene carbonate from styrene oxide and CO2. Amine substitution on the linker of MIL-68(In) promotes the synthesis of cyclic carbonate from styrene epoxide and CO2.
Ab initio calculations and in situ characterization indicate that ligand substitution has a larger impact through electronic effects on the Brønsted site than through CO2 activation.

ChemCatChem, 2012, 4 (11), 1725-1728

DOI: 10.1002/cctc.201200288
Amino Acid Functionalized Metal-Organic Frameworks by a Soft Coupling-Deprotection Sequence
Covalent post-synthetic modification of a MOF, (In) MIL-68-NH2, is carried out in a novel fashion to immobilize amino acids within the structure. Solid-phase peptide coupling methodology opens new perspectives for anchoring chiral bio- and catalytically active species. This could facilitate the immobilization of highly active and/or coordinating moieties inside MOF cavities.

Chem. Comm., 2011, 47 (42), 11650-11652

DOI: 10.1039/c1cc15541e
Dynamic Nuclear Polarization Enhanced Solid-State NMR Spectroscopy of Functionalized Metal-Organic Frameworks
Dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) is applied to enhance the signal of solid-state NMR spectra of metal–organic framework (MOF) materials. The signal enhancement enables the acquisition of high-quality 1D 13C solid-state NMR spectra, 2D 1H–13C dipolar HETCOR and 1D 15N solid-state NMR spectra with natural isotopic abundance in experiment times on the order of minutes.

Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 2012, 51 (1), 123-127

DOI: 10.1002/anie.201106030
Tuning the Activity by Controlling the Wettability of MOF Eggshell Catalysts: a Quantitative Structure-Activity Study
We report a quantitative structure-activity relationship of functionalized ZIF-type materials (SIM, Substituted Imidazolate Material). Keeping the catalytic center unmodified, post-synthetic modification allows an efficient control of the hydrophilic–hydrophobic balance which drives the competitive adsorption of reactants and products.
We show that the contact angle with a water droplet is directly correlated to the catalytic activity of Knoevenagel condensation.

J. Catal., 2011, 284 (2), 207-214

DOI: 10.1016/j.jcat.2011.10.002
2 Adsorption and Separation
Absolute Molecular Sieve Separation of Ethylene/Ethane Mixtures with Silver Zeolite A
Absolute ethylene/ethane separation is achieved by ethane exclusion on silver-exchanged zeolite A adsorbent.
This molecular sieving type separation is attributed to the pore size of the adsorbent, which falls between ethylene and ethane kinetic diameters.

J. Amer. Chem. Soc., 2011, 134 (36), 14635-14637

DOI: 10.1021/ja305663k
Guest-Induced Gate-Opening of a Zeolite Imidazolate Framework
The zinc benzimidazolate coordination polymer (ZIF-7) shows a reversible gate-opening effect upon variation of partial pressure of CO2 or temperature. This phenomenon, which is unique for a MOF with sodalite topology, arises from a phase-to-phase transformation upon guest adsorption–desorption.

New J. Chem., 2011, 35 (3), 546-550

DOI: 10.1039/c0nj00836b
Heats of Adsorption for Seven Gases in Three Metal-Organic Frameworks: Systematic Comparison of Experiment and Simulation
The heat of adsorption is an important parameter for gas separation and storage applications in porous materials such as metal-organic frameworks (MOFs). In this work, systematic experimental measurements by TAP-2 are reported for the heats of adsorption of seven gases in three MOFs. The gases are Kr, Xe, N2, CO2, CH4, n-C4H10, and i-C4H10. The MOFs studied are IRMOF-1, IRMOF-3, and HKUST-1.

Langmuir, 2009, 25 (13), 7383-7388

DOI: 10.1021/la900283t
3 Biomass to Gasoline
From Biomass to Bio-Gasoline by FCC Co-Processing: Effect of Feed Composition and Catalyst Structure on Product Quality
Due to a worldwide demand for biofuels, a need has emerged to develop new processes. Co-processing of bio-oils in refinery units is a promising alternative, especially by Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC).
In order to promote biofuel production by co-processing a detailed mechanistic study is required based on comparison with pure vacuum gasoil (VGO) processing. Three different porous materials containing micropores and/or mesopores were tested (FCC, HY and HZSM-5).

Energy Environ. Sci., 2011,4, 5068-5076

DOI: 10.1039/C1EE02012
The Fate of Bio-Carbon in FCC Co-Processing Products
A detailed understanding is necessary on how the oxygenated moieties effect the reaction mechanism to further improve the process/catalysts. Moreover, for technical and marketing reasons, it is absolutely required to accurately determine the proportion of renewable molecules in the commercialized products. The carbon-14 method (also called radiocarbon or 14C) has been used as the most accurate and powerful method to discriminate fossil carbon from bio-carbon, since fossil fuel is virtually 14C-free, while biofuel contains the present-day “natural” amount of 14C. This technique has shown that not all FCC products share bio-carbon statistically. The coke formed during a FCC cycle and to a lesser extent the gases are found richer in 14C than gasoline.
This result gives valuable information on the co-processing mechanism, supporting that the bio-oil oxygenated molecules are processed more easily at the expenses of the crude oil hydrocarbons, favouring the bio-coke and the bio-light gases production.

Green Chem., 2012, 14 (5), 1367-1371

DOI: 10.1039/c2gc35152h
Biomass Derived Feedstock Co-Processing with Vacuum Gas Oil for Second-Generation Fuel Production in FCC Units
Hydrodeoxygenated pyrolysis-oils (HDO-oil) are considered promising renewable liquid energy carriers. As such, it cannot be applied in in-stationary combustion engines so more “upgrading” is required. A considerable alternative is to co-process HDO-oil along with vacuum gas oil (VGO) in a Fluid Catalytic Cracking unit (FCC).This study evaluates the impact of adding 20 wt.% HDO-oil to a conventional FCC feedstock. The VGO and bio-oil mixtures were co-injected into a fixed-bed reactor simulating FCC conditions using an equilibrated industrial FCC catalyst. Co-processing of 20 wt.% HDO-oil with VGO gave comparable yields for the gasoline fraction to that of the pure VGO cracking.
However, during co-processing oxygen removal from HDO-oil oxygenated components consumes hydrogen coming from the hydrocarbon feedstock. As a result the final product composition is poor in hydrogen and contains more coke, aromatics and olefins.

Appl. Catal. B-Environm., 2010, 96 (3-4), 476-485

DOI: 10.1016/j.apcatb.2010.03.008
4 Air and Water Treatments
High-Throughput Approach to the Catalytic Combustion of Diesel Soot II: Screening of Oxide-Based Catalysts
Following the development of a high-throughput (HT) methodology for the evaluation of diesel soot oxidation catalysts in a 16 parallel channels reactor, a library of over 60 catalysts was tested under optimized conditions. The catalyst compositions were chosen to include solids which specific properties like oxygen storage capacity, oxygen mobility and ionic conductivity. The key parameters for high activity appear related to the presence of active and mobile surface oxygen species, and to an appropriate catalyst particle size in order to favour the number of contacts with the soot. In contrast, high oxygen storage capacity and bulk oxygen ion mobility do not appear as relevant properties for high catalytic activity. Nine new formulations were found to perform better than the reference catalyst “high surface area (HSA) ceria” (Rhodia)

Catal. Today, 2011, 159 (1), 138-143

DOI: 10.1016/j.cattod.2010.05.042
5 In situ and Operando Studies
Determination of formate decomposition rates and relation to product formation during CO hydrogenation over supported cobalt
In situ and operando studies are carried out to determine quantitative structure-activity relationships. This approach has been particularly useful in determining the origin of catalyst poisoning in the case of the hydrogenation of arenes and syngas conversion to methane, methanol and Fischer-Tropsch-type products.
The specific rates of surface species decomposition can be assessed and compared to the rates of product formations. The structural modification of the surface of alloys can also be followed and explained. In fine better catalytic formulations can be proposed and sometimes prepared!

Catalysis Today Volume: 259 Pages: 192-196 Published: 2016

Rational design of a CO2-resistant toluene hydrogenation catalyst based on FT-IR spectroscopy studies
Rhodium highly dispersed on alumina becomes partly poisoned by strongly bound CO when used for toluene hydrogenation at 348 K in the presence of CO2. Operando FT-IR analysis enabled to observed CO(ads) build up over the sample, while no CO(gas) could be measured in the reactor effluent.
Analyses carried out by complementary operando and in situ infrared spectroscopy studies unraveled the nature of the deactivating sites, i.e. low coordination number Rh sites located at the interface with the alumina support basic sites on which CO2 strongly adsorbs. Rh supported on silica with a lower dispersion remained free of adsorbed carbon monoxide even under higher CO2 pressures, stressing the relevance of infrared studies in catalyst rational design.

Journal of Catalysis, 2014, 318, 61–66

Direct evidence by in situ IR CO monitoring of the formation and the surface segregation of a Pt–Sn alloy
The heat of CO adsorption on the Pt atoms of a Pt-Sn alloy phase could be specifically determined from in situ DRIFTS data and was found to be about half that measured on a plain Pt reference. Surprisingly, a reversible surface segregation of the Pt-Sn alloy was observed at temperatures below 175°C. These data underlines the benefits of using alloyed Pt in terms of resistance against poisoning by CO, but also the inherent unstability, often unrealized, of such materials.

Chem. Commun., 2014,50, 8590-8592

DOI: 10.1039/C4CC03208J
In Situ Investigation of Diesel Soot Combustion over an AgMnOx Catalyst
An AgMnOx catalyst (3.5 wt.% Ag) incorporating silver ions in a Mn2O3 phase exhibits high performances for soot oxidation below 300 °C. Its structural and redox properties have been investigated under reaction conditions using in situ XRD and DTA-TGA measurements. The catalyst appears unmodified during soot combustion experiments under oxygen, but in the absence of oxygen the soot is stoichiometrically oxidised by lattice oxygen leading to catalyst bulk reduction according to the steps Mn2O3 ? Mn3O4 ? MnO.
The isotopic reaction product composition (C16O2, C18O16O, C16O2, C16O and C18O) obtained during soot combustion experiments under 18O2 reveals that the reaction follows a redox mechanism, in which the transfer of lattice oxygen from the catalyst to the soot is responsible for the soot ignition at low temperature.

Appl. Catal. B, 2012, 119, 287-296

DOI: 10.1016/j.apcatb.2012.03.009
6 Microstructured Reactors, Membrane Reactors & SOFC
All Porous Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC): a Bridge Technology between Dual and Single Chamber SOFC
Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) are potentially the most efficient and cost-effective solution for the utilization of a wide variety of fuels beyond hydrogen. However, one of the chief obstacles in conventional dual chamber SOFCs of true fuel flexibility lies in anode deactivation by coking. Although single chamber SOFCs can operate in hydrocarbon-air mixture without coking by controlling the ratio of mixture, high fuel efficiency and high power density cannot be obtained simultaneously in SC-SOFCs due to inflammability and flow pattern issues. In this study, a novel all porous structure was used to control the distribution of gaseous O2 at the anode side, thereby overcome the flammability issue.
The cell with all porous configuration composed of Gd0.1Ce0.9O1.9 (CGO) electrolyte, NiO+CGO anode and Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3-d (BSCF)+CGO cathode was operated in a methane-containing atmosphere for 2000 h showing a very stable power density without carbon deposition.

Energy Environ. Sci., 2013,6, 2119-2123

DOI: 10.1039/C3EE40131F
Synthesis of Enamel-Protected Catalysts for Microchannel Reactors: Application to Methane Oxidative Coupling
Synthesis of Enamel-Protected Catalysts for Microchannel Reactors: Application to Methane Oxidative Coupling Lanthanum based oxides are good catalysts for the oxidative coupling of methane (OCM). However, when applied in stainless steel microstructured reactors, these catalysts quickly lose selectivity to ethane and ethylene. This is due to the incorporation of chromium, originating from the steel, into the catalyst surface. This study explores the possibility of protecting the catalyst layer from chromium poisoning by applying a dense inert protective layer inside the microchannels on which the catalyst is then deposited.
La/Sr catalysts deposited on enamel layers show good ethylene and ethane selectivity that only slightly decreases with time on stream.

Chem. Enginer. J., 2012, 213, 31-40

DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2012.09.061
The Reaction Mechanism of the High Temperature Ammonia Oxidation to Nitric Oxide over LaCoO3
Synthesis of Enamel-Protected Catalysts for Microchannel Reactors: Application to Methane Oxidative Coupling By combining different transient (TAP, oxygen exchange) and steady-state techniques, a reaction mechanism for ammonia oxidation over LaCoO3 has been proposed.

J. Catal., 2010, 276 (2), 306-313

DOI: 10.1016/j.jcat.2010.09.022
Hydrogen Production from Ethanol Steam Reforming in a Micro-Channel Reactor
Ethanol steam reforming was studied over a supported Ir/CeO2 catalyst in a micro-channel structured reactor. The catalyst coating was deposited on the channel walls and showed a remarkably high homogeneity and an excellent adherence to the stainless steel substrate, leading to stable performance during long-term runs. Hydrogen yields exceeding 40 LH2 gcat-1 h-1 were achieved during testing with partial ethanol conversion of 65% and a residence time in the order of a few milliseconds.
This hydrogen productivity was found significantly higher than in a comparable conventional fixed-bed reactor hence being extremely promising for hydrogen production in micro fuel cell applications.

Internat. J. Hydrogen Energy, 2010, 35 (3), 1152-1159

DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2009.11.104
Hydrogenation of Nitrates in Water Using Mesoporous Membranes Operated in a Flow-Through Catalytic Contactor
The hydrogenation of nitrates in aqueous solution has been studied using Pd–Cu catalysts deposited in mesoporous ceramic membranes operated in a flow-through catalytic membrane reactor. The effect of the top-layer pore size (5, 10 or 25 nm) on the catalytic activity was explored. The activity increased with trans-membrane flow rate for the three membranes. At a similar flow rate, the activity increased when the pore size decreased.To provide a rationale on such effects, we present here a coupled model of concentration polarization and ionic solute transport within membrane pores. Mass transfer within the membrane top layer has been modelled using the extended Nernst–Planck equations (convection–diffusion–migration) combined with Donnan steric partitioning and dielectric exclusion at both membrane/solution interfaces. In addition to concentration polarization effects, a potential increase of the solvent viscosity under confinement, involving unexpectedly low ionic and hydrogen diffusivities under nanoconfinement, is argued as the underlying reason for such effects.

Catal. Today, 2010, 156 (3-4), 208-215

DOI: 10.1016/j.cattod.2010.04.048

J. Memb. Sci., 2012, 401, 204-216

DOI: 10.1016/j.memsci.2012.02.003
Isomorphously Substituted B-MFI Hollow Fibre Membranes for p-Xylene Separation from C-8 Aromatic Mixtures
In this study, Al-MFI and B-MFI (Si/B = 100 and Si/B = 50) hollow fibres with nanocomposite architecture have been prepared on a-alumina by pore-plugging hydrothermal synthesis The pure ethylbenzene permeance within these membranes decreased in the order Al-MFI > B-MFI (Si/B = 50) > B-MFI (Si/B = 100).
All the MFI materials were selective to p-xylene in the vapour permeation of ternary p-/m-/o-xylene mixtures and quaternary p-/m-/o-xylene/ethylbenzene model mixtures in the temperature range 400–650 K.

Separation & Purification Technol., 2011, 80 (2), 323-329

DOI: 10.1016/j.seppur.2011.05.014
7 New zeolites and hollow zeolites
Large pore zeolites by controlled degermanation process
Ge-containing ITQ-22 zeolites have been almost completely degermanated under strong acidic conditions without modifications of the framework topology. Simultaneously to Ge extraction, the framework was partially dissolved; mesopores were formed but the structure was maintained due to the reincorporation of some of silicon species at vacant sites.
The presence of many defects in the degermanated framework enabled the incorporation of tetrahedral aluminum, opening the way to the preparation of new and stable acid catalysts with original topologies.

ANGEW. CHEM. INT. ED. 53 (2014) 1360-1363
Making hollow zeolites: Silicalite-1 and ZSM-5 nanoboxes
ZSM-5 nanoboxes with very regular pore geometry and wall thickness have been obtained by pseudomorphic transformation of silicalite-1 crystals. The transformation involves the preferential dissolution of crystal cores, followed by local re-crystallization of species in the presence of aluminum and templating molecules. By contrast to conventional dissolution methods, most of the crystals are perfectly closed and contain a unique central hole, which shape follows that of the original crystal.
Moreover, the method is particularly interesting because hollow ZSM-5 with such size and regularity cannot be obtained by direct synthesis. The coexistence of thin walls, significant mesoporosity and high aluminum contents in the crystals is a real opportunity to improve the catalytic activity of the zeolite in reactions limited by diffusion.
8 Catalysis by metals
Shape selectivity in metal catalysis by molecular sieving using a zeolitic hollow box
Transition-metal nanoparticles (Co, Ni, and Cu) encapsulated in hollow zeolite single crystals were prepared by recrystallization of impregnated bulk MFI crystals in the presence of tetrapropylammonium (TPAOH) solutions.
In the case of hollow ZSM-5, loadings to ~8 wt% could be obtained with mean particle sizes of 17 ± 2 nm, 13 ± 2 nm and 15 ± 2 nm for Co, Ni and Cu systems. Silicalite-1 encapsulated Ni particles were used in the catalytic hydrogenation of substituted benzenes and showed an outstanding size-selectivity effect. Ni particles were accessible to toluene but not to mesitylene confirming that the activity is directly related to the diffusion properties of molecules through the zeolite membrane.

CHEMISTRY OF MATERIALS Volume: 27 Issue: 1 Pages: 276-282


Pure Nanoporous Gold Powder: Synthesis and Catalytic Properties
The work reported here concerns the first synthesis of extremely pure nanoporous gold. This method of synthesis consists of two stages. At first, an intimate mixture of a skeletal gold structure with ZrO2 nanoparticles is obtained by mild oxidation of an Au0.5Zr0.5 intermetallic alloy. The zirconia is then selectively dissolved in fluorhydric acid. The resulting gold system is a micrometric powder composed of grains whose sizes are between a few µm and 200 µm. Each grain ressembles a nanoporous sponge. Investigation of its intrinsic catalytic properties revealed a very poor activity toward CO oxidation.
This contrast with the high activityreported up to now on nearly identical materials, but which contain superficial impurities resulting from the manufacturing processes, strongly suggests that this high activity is primarily related to the presence of these residual surface impurities.

CHEMISTRY OF MATERIALS (2011) Volume 23, p5287-5289

DOI: 10.1021/cm202105k
Catalysis on nanoporous gold–silver systems: Synergistic effects toward oxidation reactions and influence of the surface composition
Au–Ag nanoporous (NP) systems were prepared by a recently developed method. Contrary to the electrochemical dealloying, the methodology applied in this work proved that it allowed to prepare bimetallic AuAg NP systems with controlled chemical compositions. Compared with monometallic Au or Ag catalysts, the alloy catalysts exhibited high activity toward CO and/or H2 oxidation and exceptionally high selectivity at low temperature for CO oxidation in the presence of H2 showing a synergistic effect between Au and Ag.
Among the different characterizations, Low-Energy Ion-Scattering Experiments provided composition data about the topmost atomic layer, i.e., where catalytic reactions occur and allowed us to establish a clear correlation between top layer surface concentration and reactivity. The high selectivity of the Au–Ag alloys with respect to pure gold has been ascribed to a large segregation of silver, especially on low coordination sites, inhibiting the H2 adsorption.

JOURNAL OF CATALYSIS (2014) Volume 311, p221-229

9 Original concepts in sensors
Pellet Photonic Sensor: an innovant gas sensor using catalysis and integrated photonics
We developed a prototype gas sensor at the meeting point of thermodynamics, nanomaterials, catalysis and photonics. A gas sensor works on the following principle: the physical and chemical properties of an “active” material change under exposure to a specific gas. A transducer converts this variation into an electric signal for delivering information to an end user. In our work, we have used catalytic nanomaterials as the active material that we integrated on a photonic transducer (light guide). These nanomaterials, which are in the form of powders, develop specific interactions with gases such as carbon monoxide and hydrogen (exothermic effects during oxidation reactions). They are obtained by impregnating microbeads with palladium and platinum salts.
By maintaining the catalyst on the photonic component with a thin layer of transparent polymer (parylene), we get a photonic “pellistor”. Under gas exposure, the interaction with the catalyst leads to a change of the optical properties of the photonic element. The light intensity collected at the output of the device will therefore vary. An electronic system will convert the light signal into an electrical signal which will be directly related to the gas concentration.



10 Unravelling reaction mechanisms using thermodynamics
Unraveling the mechanism of chemical reactions through thermodynamic analyses: A short review
The combination of kinetic and thermodynamic analyses can provide an in-depth knowledge of the mechanism of chemical reactions. This short review recalls first the definitions of the approach to equilibrium , the reaction quotient Q and the thermodynamic equilibrium constant K. Thereafter, four case studies specifically dealing with gas-phase heterogeneously catalyzed reactions are reviewed: (i) alkane hydroisomerization, (ii) NO oxidation during the selective catalytic reduction of NOx with propene, (iii) the steam reforming of methanol and (iv) ethanol condensation to butanol. These examples illustrate in different manners how a reaction mechanism can be supported or rejected based on rather simple analyses of the concentrations of reactants and products.

Applied Catalysis A: Gen. 504 (2015)220-227

Tristan LESCOUET, Thèse de Doctorat UCBL 2009-2012, Application des MOF en Catalyse (FP7-NanoMOF). Post-Doc au CEA

Laure BRACONNIER, Thèse de Doctorat UCBL 2009-2012, Relations propriétés – structure de solides modèles à base de cobalt supporté : caractérisation operando de la phase active par couplage DRX-DRIFT et magnétisme. (IFPEn). Post-Doc au CIRO, Australie

Nicolas THEGARID, Thèse de Doctorat UCBL 2008-2011, Craquage catalytique des huiles de pyrolyse. (FP7-Biocoup). Post-Doc IRCELYON

Marie SAVONNET, Thèse de Doctorat UCBL 2008-2011, Application des MOF en Catalyse pour l’énergie (Cifre IFP). Employée à Saint-Gobain

Charles-Henri NICOLAS, Thèse de Doctorat UCBL (2009-2011), Captage du CO2 par procédé membranaire: application au transport routier (Région Rhône Alpes). Employé à Biométhodes

Badr BASSOU, Thèse de Doctorat UCBL (2007-2010), Développement de catalyseurs de combustion des suies issues de moteurs Diesel: Approche haut débit et microcinétique expérimentale (Thèse ADEME-Renault). Employé chez Renault

Paul GRAVEJAT, Thèse de Doctorat UCBL 2006-2009, Développement de nouveaux catalyseurs DeNOx par approches combinatoire et micro-cinétique (Renault). Co-direction avec Prof. D. Bianchi. Post-doc à l’Ecole Polytechnique de Palaiseau

Ugo RAVON, Thèse de Doctorat UCBL 2006-2009, découverte de MOF par approche combinatoire (FP7-TopCombi). Employé à Saudi Aramco

Cyril GAUDILLERE, Thèse de Doctorat en cotutelle Université Bourogne 2007-2009, Synthèse, caractérisation de Matériaux d’anodes pour SOFC.(Bourse ADEME). Post-doc à ITQ-UPV Valencia

Olivier THINON, Thèse de Doctorat UCBL 2006-2009, Conversion de CO sur catalyseurs bifunctionnels (Cifre IFP). Employé à IFPEN

Gregory BIAUSQUE, Thèse de Doctorat UCBL 2006-2009, L‘oxydation de NH3 sur catalyseurs oxydes. (FP7-TopCombi). Employé à Johnson Matthey (GB)

Najah WEHBE, Thèse de Doctorat UCBL (2006-2008), Dénitrification de l'eau potable en réacteur catalytique membranaire et photocatalytique (Région Rhône Alpes). Employée à KAUST

Guilhem MORRA, Thèse de Doctorat UCBL 2004-2007, (Bourse Cifre IFP) en collaboration avec l’IFP Etude d'une nouvelle méthodologie d'investigation dans une structure d'expérimentation à haut débit. Application à la catalyse métallique. Employé à Johnson Matthey (GB)

Frédéric CLERC, Thèse de Doctorat Université Lumière (2003-2006) en collaboration avec le MPI kohlenforschung, , développement et réalisation d’une plateforme pour la conception de bibliothèques de catalyseur par algorithmes stochastiques. Employé à l’INRS

Thomas DAVIDIAN, Thèse de Doctorat UCBL (2003-2005), Développement de catalyseurs pour la production d'hydrogène à partir d'huiles de pyrolyse issues de biomasse, en vue d'alimenter une pile à combustible à carbonates fondus, (Projet Européen BIOELECTRICITY), Employé à Dow (Pays-Bas)

Laurent BAUMES, Thèse de Doctorat UCBL, (2001-2004), Gestion des données en catalyse combinatoire, développment d'algorithmes d'optimisation et d'exploitation des données (contrat européen "COMBICAT") (thèse en cotutelle avec le Max Planck Institut de Mulheim). Employé à Exxon (US)

Michael REBEILLAU, Thèse de Doctorat UCBL (2001-2004), Développement de membranes à conduction ioniques pour l’oxydation sélective (contrat européen "CERMOX"). Employé à Total

Anne Sophie QUINEY, Thèse de Doctorat UCBL (2001-2004), Purification de l’hydrogène sur catalyseur structuré pour une application embarquée : Etude cinétique et modélisation.(Cifre PSA). Employé à PSA

Arquimedes CRUZ-LOPEZ, Thèse de Doctorat UCBL (2002-2004), Oxydation partielle du n-butane en anhydride maléique en réacteur membranaire de type distributeur (Thèse CONACYT). Enseignant-chercheur à l'Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon (Mexique)

Laurent VILLEGAS, Thèse de Doctorat UCBL (2001-2004), Catalyseurs structurés pour le reformage autotherme d’hydrocarbures liquides en vue d’une application embarquée (Cifre Peugeot). Enseignant en classes préparatoires

Elena GUBANOVA: Thèse de Doctorat, 2006-2008 en co-tutelle (avec le BIC-Novossibirsk) n°204-2008"Etude experimentale et modélisation de l'oxydation partielle du méthane en gaz de synthèse sur réacteur catalytique monolitique à temps court" soutenue le 07 novembre 2008, jury: DE BELLEFON Claude, Directeur de Recherche CNRS, Ecole Supérieure Chimie de LYON, KIENNEMANN Alain, Professeur des Universités, Université Louis Pasteur STRASBOURG 2, MIRODATOS Claude, Directeur de Recherche UMR CNRS 5256, IRCELYON, Université Claude Bernard LYON 1, SADYKOV Vladislav, Professeur , Université de Novossibirsk – RUSSIE, STEPANOV Alexander, Professeur, Université de Novossibirsk – RUSSIE, Monsieur VAN VEEN André, Chargé de Recherche CNRS, Ruhr University Bochum - ALLEMAGNE

Weijie CAI: Thèse de Doctorat, 2006-2008 en co-tutelle (avec le DICP-Dalian-Chine) "Production d’hydrogène par reformage de l’éthanol sur catalyseurs à base d’iridium et rhodium supportés sur cérine", n° 287-2008 soutenue le 18 décembre 2008, jury: Daniel DUPREZ, Directeur de Recherche CNRS, UMR CNRS 6503 Laboratoire de catalyse en chimie organique, Poitiers, Jianguo WANG, Professeur, Institute of Coal Chemistry , Chinese Academy Sciences (Chine), Philippe MIELE, Professeur des Universités, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, Claude MIRODATOS, Directeur de Recherches CNRS, UMR CNRS 5256 Institut de Recherches sur la Catalyse et l’Environnement de Lyon, Wenjie SHEN, Professeur, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy Sciences (Chine), André Cornelis VAN VEEN, Chargé de Recherches CNRS, UMR CNRS 5256 Institut de Recherches sur la Catalyse et l’Environnement de Lyon

Louis OLIVIER, Thèse de Doctorat, 2008-2010, "Investigation of the oxidative coupling of methane: combined approach of catalyst formulation, kinetics and engineering aspects." n° 51-2010 soutenue le 2 avril 2010, jury: Philippe MIELE, Professeur des Universités Lyon1 à Villeurbanne – France, Claude MIRODATOS, Directeur de Recherche CNRS de Lyon – France, Stéphane MORIN, Ingénieur de Recherche, Vernaison – France, Jean-Michel TATIBOUËT, Directeur de Recherche CNRS de Poitiers – France, Joris THYBAUT, Professeur, Université de Gand – Belgique, André VAN VEEN, Professeur, Université de Bochum - Allemagne

Fagen WANG Thèse de Doctorat, 2008-2012 en co-tutelle (avec le DICP-Dalian-Chine) "Production d’hydrogène par reformage de l’éthanol sur catalyseurs à base d’iridium et rhodium supportés sur cérine". n° 188 – 2012, soutenue le 23 octobre 2012 à Dalian, Chine. Jury: Jean-Marc CLACENS, Directeur de Recherche CNRS, Rhodia China, Claude DESCORME, Directeur de Recherche, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, Claude MIRODATOS, Directeur de Recherche, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, Hélène PROVENDIER, Maître de Conférences, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, Wenjie SHEN, Professeur Dalian University of Chemical Physics – Chine, Yujiang SONG, Professeur Dalian Institut of Chemical Physics – Chine, Anjie WANG, Professeur Dalian Institut of Technology – Chine, Boqing XU, Professeur Tsinghua University – Chine.

Nicolas THEGARID, Thèse de Doctorat 2009-2013 "Synthèse d’essences hybrides par co-traitement de distillats de pétrole et d’huiles de pyrolyse de bio-masse en craquage catalytique" N° 34-2013, soutenue le 21 Mars 2013 à Villeurbanne, Jury: M. Joël BLIN, Mme Sylvette BRUNET (rapporteure), Mme Vanessa FIERRO (rapporteure), M. Pascal FONGARLAND, M. Claude MIRODATOS, M. Yves SCHUURMAN

Alexey BOBIN Thèse de Doctorat, 2008-2012 en co-tutelle (avec le BIC-Novossibirsk) n°204-2008 "Etude experimentale et modélisation de l'oxydation partielle du méthane en gaz de synthèse sur réacteur catalytique monolitique à temps court" Soutenance le 9 septembre 2014 à Novosibirsk, Boreskov Institute of Catalysis, Russie Jury: D. Bianchi, C. Mirodatos, A-C. Roger, V. Sadykov, M. Sinev, A. Zagoruiko. Invité: Y. Schuurman