Over the past three decades, the domain of porous solids has been expanded by the discovery of various “cornerstone” materials, such as ALPO molecular sieves (1982), carbon nanotubes (1991), ordered silica mesoporous materials (1992) and CMK (1999), to name a few. Porous metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) were already described in the Handbook of Porous Solids (Wiley-VCH) in 2002. Since that time, this class of materials has become much better known and much more widely studied. The number of publications dealing with MOFs and porous coordination polymers is currently increasing at an exponential rate – with the total doubling every two years. In 2009, we could account for about 1200 new publications, a rate similar to that observed for ordered mesoporous materials.
Thanks to their hybrid formulation, MOFs bridge the gap between pure inorganic and organic materials, thereby pushing the frontiers of knowledge ever further . Initially, MOFs were regarded only as a new type of molecular sieve material with a pore size between those of inorganic zeolites (<1 nm) and ordered mesoporous silica materials (>2 nm). On the other hand, their stimuli-induced flexibility, or more generally their softness, is common trait with organic enzymes. It is indeed acknowledged that MOFs could mimic enzymes using the concept of molecular recognition, allowing high chemo-, regio- and enantioselectivity – the ultimate goal in catalysis.
Our group addresses key aspects of the design and application of MOFs in Catalysis it includes:
These topics are supported by IFPEN, NanoMOF (FP7-NMP), Ocmol (FP7-NMP)
Ethylene is an important petrochemical product used mostly as a raw material in the manufactures of polymers. In a typical ethylene plant, the separation of ethylene and ethane is a key stage in the whole production chain. Several methods are known for separation of ethylene from gaseous mixtures. Cryogenic distillation and liquid adsorption have disadvantages such as high capital cost and high operating expenses. Separation by adsorption is an energy-efficient alternative. Two separation concepts can be applied. The most studied adsorbents have been developed to promote selective uptake of the ethylene.
We develop molecular sieves systems for the absolute separation of ethylene from ethane. We have shown that silver exchanged zeolite A (Ag-Zeolite) can adsorb ethylene whereas ethane is not. The exceptionality of this behavior is the combination of preferential adsorption of olefin over paraffin with steric size exclusion.
This project is supported by Ocmol (FP7-NMP)
The discovery of MOFs with pore size in the mesopores is a breakthrough discovery in materials science. For H2 storage, capacity is directly correlated with the pore volume. However, the effect of pore size on CO2 adsorption capacity and heat adsorption has not been investigated so far. When the pore size (dp) is approaching the diameter of the adsorbates, the solid-fluid interactions are the greatest. Despite the incentive for developing porous materials that can exhibit confinement effect the development of MOFs in the ultramicroporous range (i.e dp < 1 nm) has not paid much attention so far.
We have discovered and we further develop a functionalized Zinc Imidazolate adsorbent, called SIM-1, for CO2/N2 separation. The synthesis upscaling and extrudate shaping are carried out at IFPEN while the VSA performances are evaluated by CNAM.
SIM-1 thin supported membrane were developed for CO2/N2 separation
These projects were supported by ANR „ACACIA 31“, ANR „MECAFI“, Axelera, Ocmol (FP7-NMP)
At large Xenon is currently generally derived from air by distillation. Companies specializing in air separation have developed techniques for xenon extraction from air. Currently, most of the xenon produced in the world is used in specialized lighting. In addition, Xenon might find widespread application as an anesthetic, having been referred to as ideal, but its current high price prevents widespread usage. Due to the high energy requirements of this cryogenic recovery and for the separation and recovery of Xe in the frame of nuclear applications, several alternative processes have been proposed. The monitoring of Radio Xe in the atmosphere is continuously performed at different places world-wide to check The Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT). The French Atomic Energy Commission (CEA) developed a device, called SPALAX TM, which automatically extracts xenon from ambient air and makes in situ measurements of the activities of xenon isotopes.
We develop advanced adsorbents for the Xe capture at ppm levels.
This project is supported by CEA.
High Throughput (HT) experimentation offers now the opportunity to investigate large numbers of variable combinations at the same time. Even if screening technology can today carry out perform dozen or even hundreds experiments at a time, the combinatorial explosion is faced. The questions which come up immediately is: What experiments are the most relevant to carry out and the most efficient screening strategy? Here decision making process is faced. Those issues have been addressed for more than 15 years in drug discovery and an entire new scientific domain has emerged as evidenced by the business and the numbers of devoted journals.
On the other and, the quantification of catalytic performances can be obtained by kinetic modeling. A kinetic model is the reflection of the modeller’s insight in the chemical kinetics and, hence, contains useful information on the catalyst behaviors.
We are currently developing a new highly qualitative HT approach which includes kinetic modeling. When appropriate reactions are chosen, kinetic models can also generate the so-called catalyst descriptors, which specifically account for the catalyst properties, such as the number of sites, the reactant chemisorption enthalpy.
This project is supported by IFPEN.
The last decade has seen an increase in demonstration of novel membrane technology. Carbon capture related technologies and fuel cells have accelerated research on various types of membranes leading to projects successfully bringing membrane technology out of the laboratory. The European AZEP project for zero emission power plants and Air Products in the US have demonstrated the use of dense conducting membranes. These developments are leading to intensified industrial interest in developing membrane reactors for the chemical industry.
We currently develop innovative catalytic membrane reactors for the efficient conversion of methane into higher value chemicals resulting in the reduction of the number of process steps.
The project is supported by CARENA (FP7-NMP)
Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) is very efficient technology for the conversion of chemical energy to electrical energy with high environmental benefit and outstanding fuel flexibility. Unfortunately, the direct methane fueling on nickel cermet anode such as Ni-Yttria-Stabilized Zirconia (Ni-YSZ) cannot be applied due to fast and severe coking and carbon deposition. Steam reforming of methane at SOFC anode has been investigated to produce in-situ H2 while limiting carbon deposition.However, steam reforming is a highly endothermic reaction which causes strong temperature gradient in the cell, lowering the cell performances while increasing mechanical stress. Therefore, development of alternative cell configuration operating at intermediate temperature (500-700 oC) without coking is serious obstacle for practical applications of SOFC.
In recent years, Single Chamber SOFC (SC-SOFC) has demonstrated high Open Circuit Voltage (OCV) and power density from methane and air mixture. However, in single chamber configuration, fuel utilization efficiency is low (less than 4%) and methane concerntration in air must be kept higher than its upper explosion limit (>15 vol%) to avoid explosion hazards at high temperature.
We are currently developing a radically new SOFC architecture design in order to control the O2/HC ratio at the anode side.
The project is supported by ADEME
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2014 - Research Director at CNRS
2010 - Co-head of “Engineering” team at IRCELYON
2007 - Habilitation Lyon University
2004 - CR1 at CNRS
2001- Full position at CNRS (IRCELYON) as CR2 (C. Mirodatos)
2000 - Post-Doc MPI für Kohlenforschung (F. Schüth)
1999 - PhD Institut Européen des Membranes de Montpellier (C. Guizard, A. Julbe)
1995 - Master II Univ. Montpellier (R.Corriu)
1994 - Master I Univ. Heidelberg, ERASMUS (W. Siebert)
2015 - PES national award for the Most Valuable Researchers
2013 - Chief Technical Officer of MOFapps (http://mofapps.com/)
2010 - PES national award for the Most Valuable Researchers
2009 - Member of the editorial committee of ChemCatChem (Wiley)
2008 - Board member of the French Zeolite Association (GFZ)
2006 - Consultant for the “The Catalyst Group (TCG)”
2005 - Advisor editorial board of Combinatorial Chem. & High Throughput Screening
1999 - PhD thesis with Cum Laude distinction
1995 - Univ. Montpellier grant allocated for the10% best students
2015-2019 Scientific coordination of Prodia (H2020 NMBP)
2015 Member of the European Community cluster imitative H2020 “Catalyst Cluster”
2014 Coordinator of Hopefame (ANR SIMI 7)
2013 Partner of FASTCARD (FP7 NMP)
2011 Organizer of the joint national conference GeCat-GFZ
2010 Workpackage leader of CARENA (FP7 NMP)
2009 Co-organizer of the 9th Int. Conference on Catalytic Membrane Reactors
2009 Coordinator of MonoSOFC (ADEME)
After a stay at Heidelberg University (Germany), David Farrusseng received his BSc in chemistry from the University of Montpellier (France) under the supervision of Prof. R. Corriu. In 1999, he got his PhD (caum lauda) in Material Science at the European Institute of Membrane (IEM) in Montpellier under the guidance of Drs. A. Julbe and C. Guizard. He joined as post-doc the group of Prof. F. Schüth at the Max Planck Institute für Kohlenforschung (Germany). In 2001, he was appointed CNRS researcher at IRCELYON in the group of Dr. C. Mirodatos (Institut de Recherches sur la Catalyse et l’ Environnement, France). He is currently group leader at IRCELYON. His research activity is focused on the design of Materials for original catalytic & separation processes and on the development of High Throughput approaches.
His contribution in the field on High Throughput Catalysis is internationally acknowledged. For this special work, he was awarded by the Catalysis Division of the French Chemical Society in 2007.